Authors: Carles Cantó and Johan Auwerx
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) metabolism is integrally connected with the mechanisms of action of radiation therapy and is altered in many radiation-resistant tumors. This makes NAD+ metabolism an ideal target for therapies that increase radiation sensitivity and improve patient outcomes. This review provides an overview of NAD+ metabolism in the context of the cellular response to ionizing radiation, as well as current therapies that target NAD+ metabolism to enhance radiation therapy responses. Additionally, we summarize state-of-the-art methods for measuring, modeling, and manipulating NAD+ metabolism, which are being used to identify novel targets in the NAD+ metabolic network for therapeutic interventions in combination with radiation therapy.